If you look around the automotive industry you will see that there is a shift coming and it seems like it's coming real soon. With all that’s happening it seems like in a few year's time, we will be able to get in our car and relax while it takes us where we need to go.
This revolutionary automotive technology is already present and you can say that it's in its infancy. The potential of an autonomous car is immense as the improvement in the quality of life would be huge. You will find that there are already many self-driving car companies that are working towards the perfect model. And the revolution doesn’t seem too far away.
Well, that’s all good and all but do you know how do self-driving cars work? Don’t worry if you don’t because that is what we will discuss here today. You might also be wondering when will the self-driving car be available.
The answer to that is right now, to be honest. There are already semi-autonomous cars on the road. Some of these models have self-parking even.
Self-driving car companies like Tesla and Google are leading the charge on completely autonomous cars and Tesla has already started rolling out a few autonomous solutions. While Google aims to hit the market in 2020. So let's dive into why we need self-driving cars.
Need For Autonomous Cars
To err is human. These words couldn’t be truer when it comes to driving. According to recent studies, it is estimated that over 90% of the accidents that happen are because of human error. While most human errors can be resolved, but making an error behind the steering wheel leads to catastrophic results.
These mistakes behind the wheel have led to countless pointless deaths that could have been saved by just a little bit of attention. And this is where self-driving cars come in. They offer a level of accuracy and safety that human drivers cannot. So what do the self-driving cars have to offer? The following will be a list of things that would make driving much safer than it is today.
- Safer: Autonomous cars are much safer options as they are unaffected by fatigue, emotion, or illness.
This means that these cars can make the best decisions on the road and since there are no drivers there will be no question about the driver being distracted. This makes self-driving cars a much safer option than cars needing human drivers.
- Decisive: Being governed by a computer and a plethora of sensors means that the self-driving car will always be attentive and active, observing their environments and scanning multiple directions.
This makes it improbable to make any move that the car has not already anticipated. This continuous awareness of the surrounding is something human drivers cannot have as they are limited.
- Economical: When we fully adopt self-driving cars into our society it will have a great economic effect as well.
Autonomous cars will create safer roads and this will ensure that the demand for emergency response services, pricey insurance premiums, and savings in accident-related health care is less.
How Do Self Driving Cars Work?
During the last few decades technology has come a long way. This technological advancement has allowed manufacturers to integrate a plethora of new technology to make the autonomous vehicle a reality.
Listed below are three technologies that make the self-driving car a reality and are the core reason for its existence.
- IoT Sensors: There are plenty of sensors that go into making self-driving cars a reality.
Sensors like blind-spot monitoring, forward collision warning, radar, camera, LIDAR, and ultrasonic are integrated within the car to ensure that proper navigation is possible for the self-driving car.
- IoT Connectivity: Cloud computing services is a very important aspect of self-driving cars. This way the car can act upon and analyze traffic data, weather, maps, adjacent cars, and surface conditions, etc.
The self-driving cars can monitor their surrounding environment this way and make informed decisions on the road when driving.
This is why every self-driving car should be connected to the internet. Even if there are tasks that can be solved by edge computing hardware all-time connectivity to cloud networks is a must.
- Algorithms: The name of the game is data. The self-driving car procures a lot of data from a lot of different places. But if it cannot analyze the data properly and fast then its safety will be in question.
This is where control algorithms and software come into play. This will allow the computers in the car to analyze and asses and make the best decisions at a fast rate.
This is a tricky part as every decision needs to be flawless. What manufacturers are working on is how to avoid the infamous Uber Self-Driving Accident.
Drive Of The Future
So you see those are the basic technologies used to make self-driving cars a reality. Google and Tesla are already leading the charges on development while Chinese tech giant Baidu is also making waves.
Tesla cars already come with the “AutoPilot’ option that uses high-tech cameras to view and collect data on the world. This technology is called computer vision or sophisticated image recognition.
This way the car analyzes the environment and then makes its decisions accordingly. While Google has taken a different approach to this by developing LIDAR technology which will make steering wheels and pedals obsolete.
The cars are already out there and it is believed by many experts that self-driving cars will replace human drivers within 2025. So with that being said, I will draw the conclusion to this topic.
Let us know your thoughts on Autonomous cars. Do you drive a Tesla? Tell us about its autopilot system and what impact it had on your driving experience. Also, let us know in the comments below your thoughts and suggestions on what topics we should cover next. Till next time, Sayonara!